Sanofi Announces Positive Results for Toujeo®
in Phase III Study Extension in
Japanese People with Uncontrolled Diabetes
- Toujeo maintained similar blood sugar control vs. Lantus with fewer
night-time low blood sugar events over 12-month study period -
Paris, France - June 6, 2015 - Sanofi announced today results from the EDITION JP 1 and EDITION JP 2 extension studies where Japanese participants (with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, respectively) received Toujeo® (insulin glargine rDNA origin injection, 300 U/mL) or Lantus® (insulin glargine rDNA origin injection, 100 U/mL) treatment for a total of 12 months. Over this entire study period, Toujeo maintained similar blood sugar control, with fewer people experiencing night-time low blood sugar events (blood sugar levels <= 54 mg/dL in the study with people with type 1 diabetes, and <= 70 mg/dL in the study with people with type 2 people), compared with Lantus. These new results from EDITION JP 1 and 2 were presented at the 75th Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association.1,2
"The results of the EDITION JP 1 and 2 extension studies reaffirm the clinical benefit that Toujeo can bring to people who are living with uncontrolled diabetes", said Pierre Chancel, Senior Vice President, Head of Global Diabetes, Sanofi. "As a new addition to our portfolio, Toujeo gives patients a further option to help them reach their glycemic goals, and demonstrates our commitment to providing innovative therapies to enhance diabetes care."
In Japanese people with uncontrolled type 1 diabetes (EDITION JP 1), confirmed night-time low blood sugar (<=70 mg/dL) event rates and percentage of participants experiencing >=1 event over the 12-month study period were comparable in both groups. However, hypoglycemic event rate at the lower threshold (<54 mg/dL) was 38% lower with Toujeo. Risk reduction of night-time low blood sugar events at this threshold showed that 21% fewer patients experienced night-time low blood sugar events with Toujeo vs. Lantus.
In Japanese people with type 2 diabetes uncontrolled on basal insulin and oral anti-diabetics (EDITION JP 2), incidence of low blood sugar events at night-time (blood sugar levels <= 70 mg/dL) was also reduced (27% fewer patients experiencing >=1 event over 12-month study period). Event rates (per patient-year) of low blood sugar at night-time and any time of the day (over 24 hours) were consistently lower with Toujeo compared with Lantus. Over the 12-month period, people with type 2 diabetes treated with Toujeo and oral medications also saw a slight reduction in body weight, in comparison to those treated with Lantus who saw a slight increase.
"The additional data from the EDITION JP 2 study demonstrate Toujeo's ability to achieve sustainable glycemic control in the Japanese type 2 population," commented Yasuo Terauchi, Principal Investigator of the EDITION JP 2 study and Professor at Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Kanagawa. "The reduction in episodes of hypoglycemia observed and the additional weight findings demonstrated in EDITION JP 2 mean that Toujeo has the potential to help the people with type 2 diabetes in Japan to start and remain on insulin therapy in order to reach their long-term targets."
The abstracts are titled:
- Sustained Glycemic Control and Less Nocturnal Hypoglycemia with New Insulin Glargine 300 U/mL compared with Glargine 100 U/mL over 12 Month in Japanese People with T1DM l (EDITION JP 1). (Matsuhisa M et al. Presentation 987-P, June 6, 2015).
- New Insulin Glargine 300 U/mL Provides Sustained Glycemic Control and Reduced Hypoglycemia over 12 Months Compared with Glargine 100 U/mL in Japanese People with T2DM Managed with Basal Insulin plus OAD(s) (EDITION JP 2). (Terauchi Y et al. Presentation 98-OR, June 6, 2015).
EDITION JP 1 Full Results with 6 Month Extension1
In EDITION JP 1 (n=228), Japanese people with type 1 diabetes that continued to receive treatment for an additional 6 months showed comparable blood sugar level control (reduction in HbA1C and FPG) from baseline between Toujeo and Lantus at 12 months (mean SD change -0.20 0.80 % and -14.0 86.5 mg/dL and (mean SD change -0.25 0.72 % and -7.0 93.2 mg/dL respectively).
The percentages of participants with >=1 severe or confirmed (defined as plasma glucose <=70 mg/dL) night-time low blood sugar event over the 12-month study period were comparable between groups. At the lower <54 mg/dL threshold, a reduction in event rate was observed with Toujeo compared with Lantus during the night (rate ratio 0.62; 95% CI: 0.39 to 0.97). The percentage of participants experiencing >=1 nocturnal event at this threshold was also reduced with Toujeo compared with Lantus (relative risk 0.79; 95% CI: 0.64 to 0.98). Severe hypoglycemia occurred in 12 and 11 participants receiving Toujeo and Lantus respectively. There were similar findings between groups for adverse events.
EDITION JP 2 Full Results with 6 Month Extension2
In EDITION JP 2 (n=222), Japanese people with type 2 diabetes who failed to control their blood sugar levels on previous basal insulin and oral medication, and continued to receive treatment for an additional 6 months, showed similar blood sugar level control (reduction in HbA1C and FPG) from baseline between Toujeo and Lantus at 12 months (mean SD change -0.28 0.84 % and -12.1 56.6 mg/dL, and mean SD change -0.33 0.79 % and -18.6 43.3 mg/dL respectively).
The percentage of participants with >=1 severe or confirmed (defined as plasma glucose <=70 mg/dL) low blood sugar event at night-time over the 12-month treatment period was lower with Toujeo vs. Lantus (relative risk 0.73; 95% CI: 0.55 to 0.97). There were also consistently fewer nocturnal and at any-time (24 hours) confirmed (<=70 mg/dL) or severe hypoglycemic events per patient-year seen with Toujeo compared with Lantus (rate ratio 0.41; 95% CI: 0.18 to 0.92; rate ratio 0.64; 95% CI: 0.44 to 0.94, respectively). Severe hypoglycemia was rare with only 3 and 2 events reported for Toujeo and Lantus respectively.
In addition, the patients treated with Toujeo lost some weight, compared with a slight increase in the Lantus group (-0.7 kg vs. 0.5 kg respectively; NS). There were similar findings between groups for adverse events.
Despite basal insulin being a cornerstone treatment for diabetes for decades, significant unmet medical needs remain a reality, with approximately half of patients on treatment not reaching their blood sugar level targets.3-8 In addition, optimal insulin dose is often not reached during initiation or maintenance phase. Toujeo is a next-generation, once-daily basal insulin based on a broadly-used molecule (insulin glargine) with a well-established benefit-risk profile.9 Its compact subcutaneous depot leads to more stable and more prolonged pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) profiles.10-12 Toujeo has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the European Commission and Health Canada, and is under review by other regulatory authorities around the world.
Sanofi, a global healthcare leader, discovers, develops and distributes therapeutic solutions focused on patients' needs. Sanofi has core strengths in diabetes solutions, human vaccines, innovative drugs, consumer healthcare, emerging markets, animal health and Genzyme. Sanofi is listed in Paris (EURONEXT: SAN) and in New York (NYSE: SNY).
- Matsuhisa M et al. Sustained Glycemic Control and Less Nocturnal Hypoglycemia with New Insulin Glargine 300 U/mL compared with Glargine 100 U/mL over 12 Month in Japanese People with T1DM l (EDITION JP 1). Poster presentation 987-P at the American Diabetes Association 75th Scientific Sessions, Boston, MA, U.S. June 6, 2015.
- Terauchi Y et al. New Insulin Glargine 300 U/mL Provides Sustained Glycemic Control and Reduced Hypoglycemia over 12 Months Compared with Glargine 100 U/mL in Japanese People with T2DM Managed with Basal Insulin plus OAD(s)
(EDITION JP 2). Oral presentation 98-OR at the American Diabetes Association 75th Scientific Sessions, Boston, MA, U.S. June 6, 2015.
- Banegas JR, López-García E, Dallongeville J, et al. Eur Heart J. 2011;32(17):2143-52, DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehr080.
- Stark Casagrande S, Fradkin JE, Saydah SH, et al. Diabetes Care. 2013;36(8):2271-9, DOI: 10.2337/dc12-2258.
- Chan JCN, Gagliardino JJ, Baik SH, et al. Diabetes Care. 2009;32(2):227-33, DOI: 10.2337/dc08-0435.
- Choi YJ, Kim HC, Kim HM, et al. Diabetes Care. 2009;32(11):2016-20, DOI: 10.2337/dc08-2228.
- Steinberg BA, Bhatt DL, Mehta S, et al. American Heart Journal. 2008;156(4):719-27, DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2008.05.020.
- Vouri SM, Shaw RF, Waterbury NV, et al. Journal of managed care pharmacy : JMCP. 2011;17(4):304-12, DOI, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21534641
- Gerstein HC, Bosch J, Dagenais GR, et al. The New England journal of medicine. 2012;367(4):319-28, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1203858.
- Steinstraesser A, Schmidt R, Bergmann K, et al. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. 2014;16(9):873-6, DOI: 10.1111/dom.12283.
- Becker RHA, Dahmen R, Bergmann K, et al. Diabetes Care. 2015;38(4):637-43, DOI: 10.2337/dc14-0006.
- Shiramoto M, Eto T, Irie S, et al. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. 2014:epub ahead of print, DOI: 10.1111/dom.12415.
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