FDA approves MenQuadfiTM, the latest innovation in meningococcal (MenACWY) vaccination
- Latest innovation in quadrivalent meningococcal vaccination designed for use in persons 2 years of age and older in the U.S.
- Safety and effectiveness studied in five double-blind, randomized clinical trials with nearly 5,000 individuals
- Helps protect an expanded age group and elicits a high immune response across multiple ages
- Under regulatory review in Europe and other countries to help support local immunization efforts
PARIS – April 24, 2020 – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a Biologics License Application for MenQuadfiTM Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y, W) Conjugate Vaccine for the prevention of invasive meningococcal disease in persons 2 years of age and older.
“Meningococcal meningitis remains a major global health challenge because it can strike quickly and with devastating effect, taking a life in less than 24 hours. With the ability to help prevent this disease through vaccination, Sanofi believes one case is one too many,” said David Loew, Executive Vice President, Sanofi Pasteur. “Approval of this new vaccine in the U.S. represents an important milestone in the ongoing fight to help protect as many people as possible from meningococcal disease. It is our ambition to make this vaccine available to further expand protection to individuals worldwide.”
MenQuadfi is Sanofi’s Latest MenACWY Innovation
MenQuadfi was designed to elicit and demonstrated a high immune response across all four serogroups for multiple ages and was well tolerated. MenQuadfi is intended to protect an expanded age group. Licensure marks MenQuadfi as the only U.S. FDA-approved quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine indicated for persons 2 through 56 years of age and older.1 MenQuadfi is the first and only quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine in the U.S. that uses tetanus toxoid as a protein carrier. It will be available in a ready-to-use liquid formulation allowing healthcare providers to avoid vaccine reconstitution.
The ongoing Phase 3 trials are investigating use in infants as young as 6 weeks of age to better address the worldwide needs for meningococcal disease prevention throughout life.
“Given the severity and unpredictability of meningococcal disease, there is a public health need to ensure immunization across multiple ages, consistent with U.S. recommendations,” said Corey Robertson, MD, Senior Director, Scientific and Medical Affairs at Sanofi Pasteur. “MenQuadfi’s pivotal clinical trials demonstrated a high immune response across all four serogroups and provides a new vaccine option to help protect an expanded age group.”
MenQuadfi’s FDA approval is based on a robust clinical program
The FDA approval is based on clinical data from five double-blind, randomized, multicenter Phase 2 and 3 trials that assessed safety and immune responses following vaccination, with nearly 5,000 persons 2 years of age and older. Based on study objectives, immune responses elicited by MenQuadfi achieved non-inferiority compared to those induced by licensed quadrivalent meningococcal vaccines. Four studies evaluated MenQuadfi in meningococcal-naïve persons; the other study evaluated MenQuadfi in persons previously immunized with a quadrivalent meningococcal vaccine. Against each of the four meningococcal serogroups (A, C, W, Y), the majority (55.4%–97.2%) of meningococcal-naïve trial participants had a vaccine-induced immune response 30 days following vaccination with MenQuadfi. Among adolescents and adults previously vaccinated, 92.2%–98.2% demonstrated an immune response against each serogroup.
The most common side effects following a first dose of MenQuadfi included injection site pain (25.5%–45.2%), muscle ache (20.1%–35.6%), headache (12.5%–30.2%), and tiredness (14.5%–26.0%). In adolescents and adults receiving a MenQuadfi booster, similar rates of these reactions were observed.
Pivotal study results demonstrating MenQuadfi’s safety and effectiveness in inducing an immune response across all four serogroups have been published, including the performance of MenQuadfi in adolescents when the vaccine was co-administered with other routinely recommended vaccines,2 and its performance as a booster.3 Additional data were presented at the 2019 European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases Annual Meeting and IDWeek 2019.
MenQuadfi is expected to be available to providers and pharmacies nationwide in the U.S. for immunization efforts in 2021.
Sanofi’s legacy includes more than 45 years at the forefront of meningococcal disease prevention
MenQuadfi builds on Sanofi’s legacy at the forefront of meningococcal disease prevention beginning with the first monovalent vaccine for Africa in 1974. Since then, Sanofi has worked to progressively extend protection against four of the most prevalent meningococcal disease serogroups with the first quadrivalent vaccine registered in the U.S. in 1981, followed by the first quadrivalent conjugate vaccine licensed in 2005.4
Meningococcal Disease is a Public Health Concern
In the U.S., the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends vaccination against meningococcal disease at 11-12 years of age and a second dose at 16 years of age.5 Despite strong public health recommendations, about half of teens have not received the recommended second dose of MenACWY vaccine by 17 years of age, leaving them vulnerable when they are at increased risk for the disease.6 Hundreds of cases of vaccine-preventable meningococcal disease (caused by serogroups B, C, W, Y) still occur annually in the U.S. and, despite treatment, one in five survivors suffer from permanent complications such as hearing loss, organ damage, and limb amputations.7
Around the world, meningococcal disease is highly unpredictable, and it varies widely across regions and ages. Accordingly, vaccination recommendations differ from country to country. Disease still occurs in unvaccinated individuals. MenQuadfi’s safety and effectiveness data are currently under review though not yet fully evaluated by other health authorities, including those in several other countries and the European Union, to help address their local vaccination recommendations.
What is MenQuadfi?
MenQuadfi is a vaccine given to people 2 years of age and older to help prevent invasive meningococcal disease (including meningitis) caused by serogroups A, C, W, and Y of the bacterium N meningitidis. MenQuadfi does not prevent serogroup B disease.
Important Safety Information for MenQuadfi in the U.S.
MenQuadfi should not be given to people who have had a severe allergic reaction after a previous dose of MenQuadfi, any of its ingredients, or another vaccine that contains tetanus toxoid.
If MenQuadfi is given to people with a compromised immune system, including those receiving therapies that suppress the immune system, the immune response may be lower than expected. People with certain complement deficiencies and people taking certain complement inhibitors (for example, eculizumab) may still be at risk for meningococcal disease even if they receive a meningococcal vaccine, including MenQuadfi.
Fainting can occur shortly before or after injecting vaccines, including MenQuadfi.
Tell your health care provider if you ever had Guillain-Barré syndrome (severe muscle weakness) after a previous meningococcal vaccination.
Vaccination with MenQuadfi may not protect all people who receive the vaccine.
The most common side effects after a first dose of MenQuadfi for people 2 years and older include pain where the shot is given; muscle aches, headache, and tiredness. In children 2 through 9 years of age, other common side effects include redness and swelling where the shot is given. In adolescents and adults receiving a booster dose of MenQuadfi, the most common side effects include those occurring after a first dose. Other side effects may occur.
Please see the full Prescribing Information .
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1 MenQuadfi Prescribing Information. Swiftwater, PA: Sanofi Pasteur Inc.
2 “A Phase II, randomized, immunogenicity and safety study of a quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine, MenACYW-TT, in healthy adolescents in the United States.” https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.03.017, 23 April 2020
3 “Immunogenicity and safety of a booster dose of a quadrivalent meningococcal tetanus toxoid-conjugate vaccine (MenACYW-TT) in adolescents and adults: a Phase III randomized study.” doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2020.1733867, 25 Mar 2020
4 Sanofi Pasteur. Our Vaccines — A History of Innovation. 2016.
5 “Meningococcal Vaccination for Preteens and Teens: Information for Parents.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 26 July 2019, www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/mening/public/adolescent-vaccine.html.
6 “National, Regional, State, and Selected Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescents Aged 13–17 Years - United States, 2018.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 22 Aug. 2019, www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6833a2.htm.
7 “Meningococcal Disease Clinical Information.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 31 May 2019, www.cdc.gov/meningococcal/clinical-info.html