Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that has become rare in industrialized countries, but that is still common in countries with poor hygiene routine where it is responsible for up to 20 million estimated cases and up to 161,000 deaths each year 1. It is contracted by drinking or eating the Salmonella typhi bacterium in contaminated food or water. The reservoir of this pathogen is strickly human.
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- WHO. Typhoid Fever vaccines position paper; WER 2008, 83: 49-60. Accessed January 2018. http://www.who.int/wer/2008/wer8306.pdf?ua=1